Complete Pesher of the Crucifixion
1 AM TO 4 AM
PETER'S DENIALS

© 2007 Dr. Barbara Thiering



1 AM TO 4 AM
PETER'S DENIALS

Friday March 20, 33 AD

Between 1 and 3 am Jesus was given another trial by Annas. It was conducted under the rules of the Therapeuts, as is shown by the presence of women. Peter remained as the doorkeeper, and on each hour at the time for saying the prayer he acted in such a way as to deny that Jesus could be a priest. Annas finally decided against him, and he was to be tried by Pilate.

See the Overview for the Summary of the Last Supper.
Locations and Figure 9B for the court.


1 AM TO 4 AM
PETER'S DENIALS

Friday March 20, 33 AD

Between 1 and 3 am Jesus was given another trial by Annas. It was conducted under the rules of the Therapeuts, as is shown by the presence of women. Peter remained as the doorkeeper, and on each hour at the time for saying the prayer he acted in such a way as to deny that Jesus could be a priest. Annas finally decided against him, and he was to be tried by Pilate.

See the Overview for the Summary of the Last Supper.
Locations and Figure 9B for the court.


GOSPEL OF JOHN
1 AM TO 4 AM
PETER'S DENIALS

John 18:15-27

Friday March 20, 33 AD

GOSPEL OF MARK
1 AM TO 4 AM
PETER'S DENIALS

Mark 14:66-72

Friday March 20, 33 AD

GOSPEL OF LUKE
1 AM TO 4 AM
PETER'S DENIALS

Luke 22:54-62

Friday March 20, 33 AD

GOSPEL OF MATTHEW
1 AM TO 4 AM
PETER'S DENIALS

Matthew 26:69-75

Friday March 20, 33 AD

1:00 am Friday .

John 18:15 (See Figure 9B.) The trial of Jesus under the rules of the Therapeuts began at 1:00 am. Peter as doorkeeper remaining inside the north door. John Mark acted as learned acolyte to the judge Annas, who entered by the northern door and went to the position of the superior judge at the east center of row 1.

15. ēkolouthei de tō Iēsou Simōn Petros kai allos mathētēs. ho de mathētēs ekeinos ēn gnōstoss tō archierei, kai syneisēlthen tō Iēsou eis tēn aulēn tou archiereōs

15. Simon Peter followed to Jesus. And an other disciple. That disciple was a gnostic{gnōstos} to the Chief Priest. And he (RLR to Chief Priest) came-with{erchomai} to Jesus at the court of the Chief Priest.

15. At the trial of Jesus held by Annas under the rules of the Therapeuts, Peter acted as doorkeeper and an acolyte to Jesus. John Mark was also present. John Mark was the learned acolyte to the judge Annas, who came in through the north door to the position of superior eastern judge at the center of row 1.

1:00 am Friday

Mark 14:66 Peter having opened the north door for the eastern judge Annas was on row 2 in the corridor.Then Mary the mother of Jesus came through the eastern doorway on her way up to be the female doorkeeper.

66 Kai ontos tou Petrou katō en tē aulē erchetai mia tōn paidiskōn tou archiereōs

66. And Peter being down in the court, comes a number 1 (feminine) of the female novices of the Chief Priest.

66. Peter as an initiate who opened the north door for the visiting priest was at first on row 2 in the inner corridor while the door was open. Then Mary the mother of Jesus, a Widow, came through the eastern door opposite row 5.

1:00 am

Luke 22:54 With Theudas left at the south base, John Mark as the acolyte of Annas led him to the eastern judge's position in the court. Peter remained inside the north door.

54. Syllabontes de auton ēgagon kai eisēgagon eis tēn oikian tou archiereōs. ho de Petros ēkolouthei makrothen.

54. They (John Mark subject of participle to v.49 participle) receiving-with him(RLR to Theudas thief v.52) led (no object). And they (John Mark) led-at at the house of the Chief Priest. Peter followed afar.

54. John Mark showed sympathy to Theudas who should have been on the south base, allowing him to remain beside it. John Mark as the acolyte of Annas for the 1 am trial of Jesus led Annas into the court in the north vestry, to the position of the eastern judge in the center east of row 1. Peter as the doorkeeper acolyte stayed inside the door.

1:00, 1:05 am

Matthew 26:69 At 1:00 am Peter sat on his doorkeeper's stool after opening the north door for Annas to enter. At 1:05 am Mary mother of Jesus came up to the female doorkeeper's place beside him, saying that Peter as a married man was equal to Jesus when he was in the married state.

69. Ho de Petros ekathēto exō en tē aulē. kai prosēlthen autō mia paidiskē legousa, Kai sy ēstha meta Iēsou tou Galilaiou.

69. Peter sat outside in the court. And there came-towards{erchomai} to him (Peter) a number 1 female novice saying, "And you (sing., Peter) were with Jesus the Galilean (genitive).

69. At 1:00 am Peter after opening the north door for Annas to enter sat on the doorkeeper's stool on row 2 of the court. At 1:05 am Mary mother of Jesus, a grade 7 higher Widow, came up to the female doorkeeper's place beside him, saying, "You, Peter, are an equal of Jesus when he is in the married state as a lay bishop".

1:03 am

John 18:16 Mary the mother of Jesus, substituting for Mary Magdalene who was pregnant, had entered by the eastern door. John Mark directed her to come up to the position of female doorkeeper in the outer corridor on row 1. She directed Peter to the position of male doorkeeper in the inner corridor on row 1.

1:03 and 1:05 am. 1st denial

John 18:17 With Jesus in the defendant's position on row 2, John Mark stood in front of the furnace at 1:03 am to prepare it for Thomas. Peter thus stood beside John Mark. Mary said to Peter, "You and John Mark are servants of Jesus." At 1:05 when Thomas came to the furnace to stoke it up Peter said "I am not", omitting the pronoun "I" which would mean that he could act as a priest to Gentiles, as Jesus did.

16. ho de Petros heistēkei pros tē thyra exō,. exēlthen oun ho mathētēs ho allos ho gnōstoss tou archiereōs kai eipen tē thyrōrō kai eisēgagen ton Petron

16. Peter stood towards to the door outside. There came-out{erchomai} therefore the disciple the other one the gnostic{gnōstos} of the Chief Priest (genitive). And he (RLR to gnostic, John Mark) said to the doorkeeper (female). And she (RLR to female doorkeeper) led-at Peter.

16. Peter stood in the outer corridor on row 2 after opening the north door. Mary mother of Jesus, substituting for Mary Magdalene who was pregnant, stood in the outer corridor on row 4, just above the eastern door through which she had entered. When Peter had closed the north door John Mark who had followed Annas came to the inner corridor of row 1, spoke to Mary, and she came up to the position of the superior female doorkeeper on row 1 of the outer corridor. She directed Peter to stand beside her on row 1 of the inner corridor, in the position of a village husband receiving a visiting priest at their door.

1:03 and 1:05 am. 1st denial

John 18:17

17. legei oun tō Petrō hē paidiskē hē thyrōros, Mē kai sy ek ton mathētōn ei tou anthrōpou toutou; legei ekeinos, Ouk eimi.

17. Says therefore to Peter the novice-female the doorkeeper(female). Not. And you (sing.) out of the disciples are of This Man{anthrōpos}. That One says, "I am not".

17. Mary, who as a Widow had the status of a female higher novice, said to Peter, "I am not in the same ministry as you. In the inner corridor row 1 you are standing next to John Mark in front of the furnace, which he tends at 1:03 am. He is the deputy of Jesus, who is standing on the west side of the defendant's position in the center of row 2." At 1:05 am Peter had turned east for his prayer, contrary to the custom of Jesus, so that he had to speak to Mary. When she challenged him he made his first denial by saying "I am not". He omitted the word "I" (egō) which meant that he was denying that he himself could act as a priest, which he should do if he was a representative of Jesus to Gentiles.

1:03 am

Mark 14:67 Mary from beside the eastern doorway said to Peter, "You as a married man are equal to Jesus, who is still in the married state until 3 am."

67. kai idousa ton Petron thermainomenon emblepsasa autō legei, Kai sy meta tou Nazarēnou ēstha tou Iēsou.

67. And she (Mary) seeing{eidon} Peter warming having seen{blepō to him (Peter) says, "And you (sing.) with the Nazarene were, Jesus (genitive)

67. For Mary beside the eastern doorway on row 5 there were 3 cubits between her and Peter who was now on row 1. He was near the furnace opening, which gave out warnth at 1:03. Mary said to him, "You are an equal of Jesus, who is still in the married state until 3 am.

1:03 am

Luke 22:55 At 1:03 John Mark on a stool in front of the furnace opening rekindled the fire with the flame of an oil lamp. Peter after closing the north door sat on a stool beside him.

Luke 22:56 Mary mother of Jesus moved up from beside row 4 near the eastern door to beside Peter as female doorkeeper. She said, "Jesus, who is a western deputy, is an associate of Peter".

Luke 22:55

55. periapsantōn de pyr en mesō tēs aulēs kai synkathisantōn ekathēto ho Petros mesos autōn.

55. They (John Mark participle subject to subject of last participle in v.54) having touched-around fire in a middle of the court, and they (John Mark) having sat-with, Peter sat as a middle of them (John Mark they v.54).

55. At 1:03 am John Mark as an assistant went in front of the furnace opening to rekindle the fire with the flame of an oil-lamp, ready for Thomas to stoke it up with wood at 1:05. Peter after closing the north door sat on a stool on row 1 in the inner corridor, with John Mark also on a stool beside him.

Luke 22:56

56. idousa de auton paidiskē tis kathēmenon pros to phōs kai atenisasa autō eipen, kai houtos syn autō ēn.

56. A Certain female novice seeing{eidon} him (RLR to Peter v.55) sitting towards the light{phōs}. And she having stared (downwards) to him (Peter) said, "And This One with him (RLR to Peter ) was".

56. Mary mother of Jesus had entered through the eastern door and now stood at row 4 of the outer corridor. A lamp representing the Menorah for Annas as Pope still hung over the closed north door. Mary moved up to the space beside Peter and said, "Jesus as a western deputy, now in front of the western judge, is an associate of Peter."

1:03 am           (Matthew has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

1:05 am

John 18:18 As Thomas the firelighter was now in front of the furnace to stoke it up, John Mark moved in to the witness' position next to the east judge. The fire was now warm for Thomas and Peter near it.

18. heistēkeisan de hoi douloi kai hoi hypēretai anthrakian pepoiēkotes, hoti psychos ēn, kai ethermainonto. ēn de kai ho Petros met' autōn hestōs kai thermainomenos

18. There stood the slaves. And the assistants having made a fire of coals, for it was a cold. And they (RLR to assistants) warmed. It (cold) was. And Peter with them (assistants) standing. And he warming.

18. As it was 1:05 am, Thomas the firelighter had again come in front of the furnace, where the perpetual fire had burned down to coals. John Mark, who had been in front of the furnace at 1:03, moved in to the witness' position in the next cubit in. For those who observed the true time of 1:05 am, it was still winter, so cold, but those observing the village start of day and the end of winter at the fast time of 4:05 am were warm. Thomas having stoked up the fire felt it as warm but not hot. Peter in the inner corridor row 1 was near enough to it to be also warm.

1:05 am. 1st denial. 2:00 am.

Mark 14:68 At 1:05 Peter by turning east denied to Mary beside him that Jesus could be a priest. Peter said that he, as well as Mary, were Sadducees, speaking Greek and using the T sign of the cross. At 2:00 am he moved down to row 2

68. ho de ērnēsato legōn, Oute oida oute epistamai sy ti legeis. kai exēlthen exō eis to proaulion.

68. He (addressed, Peter) denied saying, " Nor I know{oida}, nor I understand, you T say. And he (Peter) came-out{erchomai} outside at the forecourt."

68. At 1:05 am, with Mary now in the position of female doorkeeper beside him, Peter affirmed that Jesus could not act as a priest, as Magians allowed him to do. He said, "I am an abbey member, speaking Greek to Gentiles, and as a villager I also speak Greek. You, Mary, are a Sadducee, using the Greek T sign of the cross." At 2:00 am Peter moved down to row 2 of the inner corridor, as he would move down at each hour to mark the time.

1: 05 1st denial.

Luke 22:57 At 1:05 am Peter denied that Jesus could act as a priest, speaking as a member of an abbey . He addressed Mary as the Miriam, the Chief Woman of the Therapeuts.

57. ho de ērnēsato legōn, Ouk oida auton, gynai.

57. He (Peter addressed) denied, saying, "I do not know{oida} him (RLR to Jesus as This One in v.56), Woman.

57. At 1:05 Peter denied that Jesus could act as a priest, saying, "As an abbey minister I do not recognize him, Chief Woman." She was acting as the Miriam, the Chief Woman of the Therapeuts, in the place of the pregnant Mary Magdalene.

1:05 am 1st denial

Matthew 26:70 At 1:05 am Peter in the inner corridor row 1 made his denial to Mary on the east beside him. Antipas was acting as assistant judge at the beginning of the western division.

70. ho de ērnēsato emprosthen pantōn legōn, Ouk oida ti legeis.

70. He (addressed, Peter) denied before{emprosthen} All Ones, saying, "I do not know{oida} T you say.

70. Peter in the inner corridor on row 1 was at the beginning of the east division of the east-west Gentile world. Antipas the western judge was at the beginning of the west division of the world. Peter turned to Mary east beside him, so denying that Jesus could be a high priest, saying, "I do not recognize what you say in Greek - you as a woman should be speaking Hebrew."

After 1:05 am

John 18:19 The investigation of Jesus by Annas began. He questioned Jesus and obtained evidence from John Mark as witness.

19. Ho oun archiereis ērōtēsen ton Iēsoun peri tōn mathētōn autou kai peri tēs didachēs autou

19. The Chief Priest therefore questioned Jesus around the disciples of him (Jesus). And around the Teaching of him (Jesus).

19. The trial of Jesus by the rules of the Therapeuts began, with Jesus now standing directly in front of the judge Annas. John Mark stood next to the judge as witness for Jesus. John Mark came from the Gentile Magians, whose doctrines were set down in the document the Teaching (Didache) of the Twelve Apostles

After 1:05 am           (Mark has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

After 1:05 am           (Luke has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

After 1:05 am           (Matthew has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

1:30 am

John 18:20 On the half-hour Jesus did the opposite of what he had done at 12:30 am, giving a spoken prayer for Gentiles instead of the silent one. It meant that Gentiles were equal in the sight of God. Antipas was present as deputy judge in the west.

John 18:21 Since his guard Merari was now standing next to him on the east, and was a Sadducee superior of Gentiles of Asher, Jesus asked Annas to obtain evidence from him that Jesus was pro-Gentile.

John 18:20

20. apekrithē autō Iēsous, Egō parrēsia lelalēka tō kosmō, egō pantote edidaxa en synagōgē kai en tō hierō, hopu pantes hoi Ioudaioi synerchontai, kai en krypōo elalēsa ouden.

20. Answered therefore to him (RLR to Chief Judge Annas in v.19) Jesus, "I (pronoun) have spoken boldly to the world. I (pronoun) All-then I have taught in a synagogue. And in the temple, the where All the Jews come-with{erchomai}. And in a crypt I have spoken Nothing.

20. In the presence of Therapeuts who began their day at 1 am, and of Antipas who was assistant judge on the west, Jesus reversed his silent prayer on the half-hour at 12:30, and now boldly gave a spoken prayer on behalf of James Niceta. He spoke of his openness when in places where Antipas the married man was to be found.

John 18:21

21. ti me erōtas; erōtēson tous akēkootas ti elalēsa autois. ide houtoi oidasin ha eipon egō.

21. T you (sing.) question me. Question the ones having-heard T I have spoken to them (ones having heard). see{eidon} These Ones know{oida} the things I (pronoun) said."

21. You (sing., Annas) are seeking information from me as a Sadducee using the sign of the cross. Seek information from my guard Merari standing east next to me, who is now in front of you. He will tell you that I have given a spoken prayer using the sign of the cross. Moreover, John Mark can testify that I am pro-Gentile in abbeys."

1:30 am           (Mark has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

1:30 am           (Luke has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

1:30 am           (Matthew has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

1:35 am

John 18:22 Merari (Ananus the Younger), acting as guard to Jesus, rebuked him for speaking to Annas as if he was still a bishop.

22. tauta de autou eipontos heis parestēkōs tōn hypēretōn edōken rapisma tō Iēsou eipōn, Houtōs apokrinē tō archierei

22. He ( participle subject RLR to Jesus subject of verb before speech v.20) saying These Things, a number 1 standing-beside of the assistants gave a blow{rapisma} to Jesus saying, " Thus you answer the Chief Priest."

22. 1:35 am was the time for the further prayer on the half-hour, measured from 1:05. Merari was acting as guard to Jesus, as he had done at the north base. As a subordinate of Thomas in Agrippa's house, he gave the preliminary beatings to "boys", Gentiles. He gave a light blow to Jesus, rebuking him for speaking to Annas as if he was still in the status of bishop.

1:35 am           (Mark has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

1:35 am           (Luke has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

1:35 am           (Matthew has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

1:55 am.

John 18:23 At the end of the session Jesus still spoke as a bishop, and again indicated that Annas had been an associate of Simon Magus. .

23. apekrithē autō Iēsous, Ei kakōs elalēsa, martyrēson peri tou kakou. ei de kalōs, ti me dereis

23. Jesus answered him (RLR to Annas Chief Priest v.22), " if{ei} I have spoken badly, testify around the Bad One (Simon Magus). if{ei} good{kalōs}, you (sing.) beat

me."

23. At the end of the session Jesus continued to speak as a bishop to Annas, and showed that Annas had actually co-operated with Simon Magus. "Have I given the spoken prayer as a Magian? You also act as a missionary with Simon Magus" Jesus said that if he himself was in fact a member of Agrippa's house, as he also was, then Annas was acting contrary to the interests of Agrippa by having him beaten.

1:55 am           (Mark has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

1:55 am           (Luke has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

1:55 am           (Matthew has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

2:00 am

John 18:24 To avoid the charge of pro-Magian bias, Annas arranged for Jesus to be tried by Caiaphas in the next hour. Caiaphas had already condemned Simon Magus.

24. apesteilen oun auton ho Annas dedemenon pros Kaiaphan ton archierea

24. Annas sent-away therefore him (RLR to Jesus in v.23), bound towards Caiaphas the Chief Priest.

24. In order to have a more impartial judge, Annas sent Jesus before Caiaphas who had condemned Simon Magus. Jesus, wearing the leather belt and plain cassock of an outside missionary, was brought in front of Caiaphas on the center east to be heard during the next hour.

2:00 am

Mark 14:69 Helena should have taken the position of next female doorkeeper on row 2 in the outer corridor, but she was replaced by James Niceta of the same order of Asher. She insisted on male roles and stood in the inner corridor opposite the eastern door. She remarked that Peter, who could substitute for Jesus, was standing beside Thomas the fire attendant at 2:00 am.

69. kai hē paidiskē idousa auton ērxato palin legein tois parestōsin hoti, Houtos ex autōn estin

69. And the female novice seeing{eidon} him (RLR to Peter v.68) began again to say to the ones standing-beside that " This One is out of them (RLR to assistants, Thomas, v.65)".

69. The female doorkeeper for 2 am should have been a woman, the next below Mary in grade. This was Helena the head of Asher women. But she insisted on male roles, standing in the inner corridor on row 5 opposite the eastern door, with 2 cubits between her and Peter on row 2. Her place as the female doorkeeper beside Peter was taken by James Niceta head of Asher Gentiles.At 2:05 am Helena said to James Niceta, "Peter who can act for Jesus is standing beside Thomas, the fire attendant, who has also moved down to row 2."

2:00, 2:03 and 2:05 am 2nd denial

Luke 22:58 At 2:00 am when Caiaphas took over as eastern judge Thomas stood in row 2 down from the furnace opening, on the same row as the defendant Jesus. At 2:03 he went in to the witness place beside Caiaphas, and John Mark came in front of the furnace. At 2:05 Peter made his second denial, turning east to James Niceta.

58. kai meta brachy heteros idōn auton ephē, Kai sy ex autōn ei, ho de Petros ephē, Anthrōpe, ouk eimi.

58. And after a little{brachy} another seeing{eidon} him (SRLR to him, Jesus, v.57) uttered, "And you (sing.) out of them (RLR to John Mark vv.49, 54, 55) are. Peter uttered, " Man{anthrōpos}, I am not (no pronoun)."

58. At the next hour following 1 am, at 2:00 am,Thomas as the Pharisee servant of the new eastern judge Caiaphas stood in row 2 down from the furnace opening, with 2 cubits between him and Jesus on the west center of row 2.

At 2:03 am Thomas moved in to the witness position beside Caiaphas. He as a celibate spoke to Peter as one in a different ministry, "Now that John Mark comes in front of the furnace you are beside him". At 2:05 Peter spoke to the Gentile deacon James Niceta in the second female doorkeeper place east beside him, saying "I am not", omitting the pronoun "I". Luke omits the part played by Helena at 2:00 am.

2:00 and 2:03 am

Matthew 26:71 At 2:00 am Peter went down to row 2. At 2:03 am John Mark came in front 0f the furnace., and Helena from row 5 on the inner corridor said to him that Peter was a representative of Jesus, who at present was still in the Nazirite state.

71. exelethonta de eis ton pylōna eiden auton allē kai legei tois ekei, houtos ēn meta Iēsou tou Nazōraiou.

71. He (Peter, accusative participle RLR to subject of previous participle), coming out{erchomai} at the gate, a female Other One saw{eidon} him (Peter). And she says to the ones there, " This One was with Jesus the Nazirite (genitive).

71. At 2:00 am Peter went down to row2. Helena opposite the east door row 5, on the inner corridor the male side, was 2 cubits down from him. At 2:03 am, at the same time as John Mark came in front of the furnace, Helena added to Thomas' comments (in Luke) by speaking to John Mark, saying, " Peter is a representative and equal of Jesus while Jesus is in the Nazirite married state, which he is now."

2:03 am and 2:05 am Second denial

John 18:25 At 2:03 am Peter was at row 2 in the inner corridor, for he would go down one row every hour to mark the time. At 2:05 when Thomas was in front of the fire to stoke it up John Mark said to him, "You are next to a Pharisee". Peter turned east for his prayer, thus denying the priestly authority of Jesus, and by his words showed that he himself was not a priest.

25. Ēn de Simōn Petros hestōs kai thermainomenos, eipon oun autō, Mē kai sy ek tōn mathētōn autou ei; ērnēsato ekeinos kai eipen, Ouk eimi

25. Simon Peter was standing. And warming. They (RLR to These Ones{houtoi} v. 21, John Mark said to him (Peter), "Not. And you (sing., Peter) out of the disciples (Thomas) of him (SRLR to Caiaphas in v. 24,). That one denied. And he said, "I am not".

25. At 2:03 am John Mark was again in front of the furnace to prepare it for Thomas. Peter moved down to row 2 of the inner corridor, as he did at every hour to mark the time and give his prayer, still warmed. John Mark said to him, "I am not in the same ministry as you, as I am celibate." At 2:05 when Thomas came to the front of the furnace John Mark said from the witness position, "You, Peter, are next to Thomas, a Pharisee ". Peter turned east against the custom of Jesus, so denying his priestly authority. He said "I am not", omitting the word "I" to show that he himself was not a priest.

2:03 am           (Mark has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

2:03 am           (Luke has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

2:03 am           (Matthew has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

2:05 am           (John has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

2:05 am 2nd denial. 3:03 am.

Mark 14:70 At 2:05 am Peter again denied that Jesus could act as a priest. At 3:03 am James Niceta in the outer corridor said to Peter on row 3, "You stand next to Thomas, who has moved to row 3. He is a Pharisee and you are a Sadducee and the Chief Pilgrim".

70. ho de pain ērneito. kai meta mikron palin hoi parestōtes elegon tō Petrō, Alēthōs ex autōn ei, kai gar Galilaios ei.

70. He (Peter, addressed) denied again. And after a little{mikros} again the ones standing-beside said to Peter, " Truthfully you are out of them (RLR to Thomas assistants, vv. 65, 69). And for you (sing.no pronoun) are a Galilean.".

70. At 2:05 am Peter again denied by his actions that Jesus could act as a priest Peter went to row 3 at 3:00 am. At 3:03 am Thomas stood in front of the fire to attend to the cooking, as it no longer needed more fuel. James Niceta in the doorway on the east side of Peter said to him, " As a Sadducee teaching Truth to Gentiles, you are beside a Pharisee. You are the Chief Pilgrim."

If Mark's account is accurate, Thomas at this point left his position, for according to Luke there was no one standing between Peter and Jesus at 3:05 am.

2:05 am           (Luke has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

2:05 am 2nd denial.

Matthew 26:72 At 2: 05 am Peter turned east towards the Gentile James Niceta beside him, thus showing that he denied the priesthood of Jesus as a celibate Adam to Gentiles.

72. kai palin ērnēsato meta horkou hoti Ouk oida ton anthrōpon.

72. And again he (RLR to Peter This One v.71) denied, with an oath, that "I do not know{oida} the Man{anthrōpos}.

72. At 2:05 am Peter showed that he denied Jesus' priesthood by turning east to the Gentile doorkeeper in the place of the woman beside him. The Gentile, James Niceta, was of the village class and did not observe the Essene prohibition of oaths. Peter said, "I do not hold the view of abbeys that Jesus can act as a priestly celibate Adam to Gentiles."

3:00 am

John 18:26 At 3:00 am Annas returned and condemned Jesus, sending him to the prison position on row 3 center west under the platform. Merari the guard to Jesus left his side to go out to the north base to prepare for the cockcrowing signal, and was replaced by James, who came in from the north base. Peter on row 3 of the inner corridor took his opportunity to deny James the right to teach in the Eden schools.

26. legei heis ek tōn doulōn tou archiereōs, syngenes ōn hou apekopsen Petros to ōtion, Ouk egō se eidon en tō kēpō met' autou;

26. Says a number 1 (Thomas) out of the slave of the Chief Priest. being a with-born (Apposition rule, a different person, James) of whom Peter cut off the ear, " Not- I saw{eidon} you (sing. James) in the garden with him (RLR to 1 out of slaves, Thomas)

26. Annas now returned to the east judge's position to give the decision. John Mark stood beside him as his acolyte, in the witness' position on row 1. Thomas no longer had to stoke up the fire, but at 3:00 stood in front of it to prepare for the cooking. Jesus was condemned, and sent to the prison on row 3 west center under the platform.

It was now time for Merari to go out to the north base to be ready to give the cockcrowing signal at the true 3:05 am. He had been acting as guard to Jesus, but now left his side. His brother James who had remained at the north base now changed places with Merari and came in to stand as guard on the east side of Jesus, so that there were 2 cubits between Peter and James. Peter took the opportunity to deny James the right to teach Gentiles from the lectern. when he was at the Eden school in the abbey. James would stay there for only five minutes until the cockcrowing, then leave. There would then be no one standing between Jesus and Peter, giving rise to the scene that Luke describes for 3:05.

3:00 am           (Mark has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

3:00 am

Luke 22:59 At 3:00 am when there was no fulfilment of the prophecy Jesus agreed with Peter to wait until 4:00 am, the beginning of the working day, for Jesus to leave the married state.

59. kai diastasēs hōsei hōras mias allos tis diischyrizeto legōn, Eph alētheias kai houtos met autou ēn, kai gar Galilaios estin

59. And there having stood-through about hour 1, a Certain Other One was stronger-through, saying, " Upon of Truth. And This One (Jesus) with him (RLR to Peter v. 58) was. And for a Galilean he (This One, Jesus) is.

59 At 3:00 am, the hour before 4:00 am which would be the final chance of a fulfilment of the prophecy for village workers, James Niceta in the outer corridor beside Peter said, "Peter is beside me as a minister of the Sadducee mission to Gentile novices. Jesus, at the west center of row 3, is an equal of Peter. Jesus is still in the married state, a pilgrim, his time of return being extended to 4:00 am, the beginning of the working day."

3:00 am, 3:03 am

Matthew 26:73 After moving down to row 3 at 3:00 am, Peter gave a spoken prayer for Asher Gentiles at 3:03 am. In his position he was between both kinds of Gentiles, Dan and Asher, both of whom he instructed.

73. meta mikron de proselthontes hoi hestōtes eipon tō Petrō, Alēthōs kai sy ex autōn ei, kai gar hē lalia sou dēlon se poiei.

73. After a little{mikros} the ones standing, coming-towards{erchomai}, said to Peter, " Truthfully. And you are out of them (RLR to John Mark "the ones there", v. 71). And for the speaking of you makes plain.

73. At 3:03 am, an hour after the time for a Gentile novice, James Niceta the Gentile deacon in the outer corridor beside Peter said to Peter, " You work for the Sadducee mission to novice Gentiles. You are beside John Mark at the furnace as a celibate Gentile. You give a spoken prayer for Asher Gentiles at :03, to ensure that it will be heard by Heaven. You are thus with both kinds of Gentiles."

3:05 am 3rd denial

John 18:27 At 3:05 Peter denied Jesus' priesthood again by his action in turning east for his prayer. Merari gave the cockcrowing signal at the true 3:05 am on the north base.

27. palin oun ērnēsato Petros. kai eutheōs alektōr ephōnēsen

27. Again therefore Peter denied. And immediately{eutheōs} a cock voiced.

27. At 3:05 am Peter again performed the action that denied Jesus' priesthood, by turning east for his prayer. The cockcrowing signal was given by Merari at the true 3:05 am on the north base.

3:05 am 3rd denial.

Mark 14:71 At 3:05 am when the decision was made against Jesus and he was sent to the prison position in row 3, Peter believed that Jesus had now returned to the celibate state. Peter pronounced the anathema of married men who attacked celibates. He himself had to remain in the status of a married villager, not bound to keep Essene celibate rules such as the prohibition against swearing.

He objected to Jesus' claim to be both married and a priestly celibate to Gentiles at the same time.

71. ho de ērxato anathematizein kai omnynai hoti Ouk oida ton anthrōpon touton hon legete

71. He (Peter, addressed) began to curse. And swear that, "I do not know{oida} This Man{anthrōpos} whom you (plu,. James Niceta) say". .

71. At 3:05 am when the decision was made against Jesus and he was sent to the prison position in row 3, Peter pronounced an anathema, at the time when he believed that Jesus was due to leave the married state and return to celibacy, as one who would be denounced by married men. Peter himself resumed the status of a villager, one who did not observe the Essene prohibition against swearing, saying, "I am not now an abbey minister, and I do not accept that Jesus can be both a married village host and a celibate Adam acting like a priest to Gentiles."

3:05 am Peter's 3rd denial.

Luke 22:60 At 3:05 am when Merari gave the cockcrowing signal from the north base Peter gave a spoken prayer for Gentiles and said to James Niceta the Gentile doorkeeper beside him that he was not acting as an abbey minister when he accepted James Niceta as a deacon. Luke omits the detail given here by John about Peter's exchange with James.

60 eipen de ho Petros, Anthrōpe, ouk oida ho legeis. kai parachrēma eti lalountos autou ephonēsen alektōr.

60. Peter said, " Man{anthrōpos}, I do not know{oida} what you say. And at once him (Peter) still speaking, a cock voiced.

60. At 3:05 am Peter gave a spoken prayer on behalf of Gentiles. He said to the deacon James Niceta beside him, "I am not acting as an abbey minister when I accept you as a deacon". Then Merari gave the cockcrowing signal for the true 3:05 am from the north base.

3:05 am 3rd denial.

Matthew 26:74 At 3:05 am Peter assumed that Jesus would now return to the celibate state and he performed the rite of separation. He remained in the village state as a married man, saying that he did not recognize that a non-levitical celibate could act as an Adam to Gentiles.

74. tote ērxato katathematizein kai omnyein hoti Ouk oida ton anthrōpon. kai eutheōs alektōr ephōnēsen.

74. Then he (RLR to Peter v.73) began to give an anathema. And to swear that "I do not know{oida} the Man{anthrōpos}. And immediately{eutheōs} a cock voiced.

74. At 3:05 am Peter assumed that Jesus was returning to the celibate state, and he performed the rite of a married man excluding a separating dynast. He himself acted as a villager who was not bound to keep the monastic Essene prohibition of swearing. He said, "I do not recognize that a celibate who is not a levitical priest can act as an Adam to Gentiles." At 3:05 am at the true cockcrowing time Merari at the north base gave the signal for villagers to awake .

3:05 am. 4:05 am.           (John has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

3:05 am. 4:05 am.

Mark 14:72 At 3:05 am Jesus allowed Peter to hope for an extension for the fulfilment of the prophecy to 4:05 am.

72. kai euthys ek deuterou alektōr ephōnēsen. kai anemnēsthē ho Petros to rēma hōs eipen autō ho Iēsous hoti Prin alektōra phōnēsai dis tris me aparnēsē. kai epibalōn eklaien.

72. And immediately{euthys} out of a second a cock sounded. And Peter remembered the statement as said to him (Peter) Jesus, that " Prior a cock sound twice you deny me thrice." And he (Jesus, subject of participle RLR to Jesus subject of last verb) throwing upon wept.

72. At 3:05 am Merari on the north base gave the signal for the time for villagers to awake.Jesus now in the prison position in row 3 center west had no obstruction between himself and Peter in the corridor. Jesus understood Peter's disappointment that there had been no fulfilment of the prophecy of the Restoration on behalf of Jesus at 3:05 am. Knowing that there could also be another cockcrowing for workers at 4:05 am, Jesus repeated his cockcrowing saying, for Peter to repeat. It now meant "At 3:05 am when the second cockcrowing for the true 3:05 am is given, you will deny me for the third time. But that is an hour before 4:05 am, when the repeated cockcrowing is sounded for workers. There is still a chance then."

At 4:05 am it was time for pilgrims to use the latrine at the lower part of the stables in the southern esplanade, loc 97. Jesus, remaining in the status of villager, joined Peter.

3:05 am

Luke 22:61 At 3:05 am no one stood in the 3 cubits between Jesus and Peter on row 3. Jesus turned due east and saw Peter. The hope of a fulfilment of the prophecy of Restoration at 3 am had failed. But Peter now adapted the cockcrowing saying to mean that it could still come at 4 am and Peter might be promoted.

61. kai strapheis ho kyrios eneblepsen tō Petrō, kai hypemnēsthē ho Petros tou rēmatos tou kyriou hōs eipen autō hoti Prin alektora phōnēsai sēmeron aparnēsē me tris.

61 The Lord (Jesus grade 2 in west to Christ 1 in west) having turned saw{blepō to Peter. And Peter remembered the statement of the Lord (genitive) how he (SRLR to Peter) said to him (RLR to Lord) that, " Previous to a cock to sound today you (sing. Lord) deny me thrice. "

61. Since the decision had gone against Jesus, he went down to row 3 center west, the position of the prisoner. Merari his guard had left his side to go to the north base for the cockcrowing signal. John Mark was no longer needed as a witness, and Thomas no longer stood down from the fire at :05 am. So no one stood between Jesus and Peter on row 3 of the inner corridor, and there were 3 cubits between them. Jesus turned due east and looked at Peter. Peter now repeated the cockcrowing saying of Jesus, adapting it by omitting "twice" which had meant at the true 3:05 not the fast 3:05 at midnight." Now at 3.05 am you, Jesus, deny that I, Peter, can act as a priest. But it is the hour before (prin) the repeated cockcrowing at the true start of the day for workers at 4 am. The fulfilment for Today will come then and my situation may change."

3:05 am, 4:05 am.

Matthew 26:75 Peter repeated the cockcrowing saying in the changed form that meant he still had a chance at 4:05 am. At that time he went to the latrine on the southern esplanade, where Simon Magus as excommunicated was now to be found.

75. kai emnēsthē ho Petros tou rēmatos Iēsou eirēkotos hoti Prin alektora phōnēsai tris aparnēsē me. kai exelthōn exō eklausen pikrōs.

75. And Peter remembered the statement of Jesus (genitive) the said one (utterance) that, " Prior to a cock to voice, thrice you deny me. And coming-out{erchomai} outside he (Peter) wept bitterly.

75. Then Peter repeated the cockcrowing saying which Jesus now said again, omitting the word "twice" which referred to the cockcrowings at the fast time and the true time. In the form Peter was told to repeat it, it meant "At 3:05 am, at the cockcrowing before the one for workers at 4:05 am, you (Jesus) deny me (Peter), saying I cannot act as a priest. But you in sympathy with workers defer returning to the celibate state until 4 am. The fulfilment of the prophecy of the Restoration may come then, and all low grades such as myself will be exalted." At 4:05 am Peter went out to the pilgrims' latrine at loc.97. There was no fulfilment, Jesus was condemned as a Magian to be tried by Pilate, and Peter was again suspected of Magianism and confined all day in the congregation annexe, so that he was not freed until midnight when Simon Magus again came into power.

4:05 am           (John has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

4:05 am           (Mark has no verse for this time. Scroll down for next time.)

4:05 am

Luke 22:62 At the set time Peter went with Jesus to the pilgrims' latrine in the southern esplanade, loc 97. It was then time for Jesus to return formally to the celibate state. . Peter, remaining his representative, was again suspected of Magianism, and was kept confined in the congregation annexe all day.

62. kai exelthōn exō eklausen pikrōs.

62. And he (participle subject RLR to subject of last full verb, Peter) coming out{erchomai} wept bitterly.

62. At 4:05 am it was time for men of the pilgrim class to visit their part of the latrine in the southern esplanade, loc 97. Peter and Jesus went there. It was then time for Jesus to formally return to the celibate state. He was already condemned as a Magian, but Peter remained as his representative and the suspicion of Magianism previously brought against him was renewed. He was held for questioning and brought to the congregation annexe which could be treated as another prison. He had to remain there all day, not taking part in the events of the crucifixion, and was only freed at midnight when Simon Magus regained power.

4:05 am           (Matthew verse is above. Scroll down for next time.)






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